"Seashoy Courtyard" is a well preserved traditional courtyard house located on the beautiful Xiao Liuqiu, an island south of Gaoxiong. This clay brick walled courtyard retains the architectural style of "Siheyuan" (四合院), which literally means a courtyard surrounded by four buildings.
Throughout Chinese history, the siheyuan composition was the basic pattern used for residences, palaces, temples, monasteries, family businesses and government offices. In ancient times, a spacious siheyuan would be occupied by a single, usually large and extended family, signifying wealth and prosperity.
Situated south of the mouth of Kaoping River, Xiao Liuqiu is governed by Pingtung County and the only one coral island of Taiwan’s offshore islands. As most of the islanders make their living by fishing, Liuqiu is characterized by various goods of local fish specialties and a lifestyle of fishing village. The ground inclines gently towards northeast. There are odd coral rocks eroded by the sea alongside the coast, cliffs in the south and small rare sandy beaches on the western coast.
Although Liuqiu, the only coral island of Taiwan’s offshore islands, is covered with limestone, the coral substances can be easily found anywhere. The coral creatures lived together and secreted calcium substances which deposited and then composed coral reefs. Generation after generation, coral creatures adhered to the dead ones and gradually made up coral reefs with limestone. The well known tourist attractions composed of coral with limestone on the island are Black Dwart Cave, Beauty Cave, Sanzu Ditch, etc.